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On the road of the ancient Thai capitals

on the road of the ancient thai capitals
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Between Sukhothai and Bangkok

This is between Sukhothai and Bangkok, I suggest you to go with me on the road of the ancient Thai capitals of the Kingdom of Siam through my photographs and historical information to better guide you in your future trip. 

I wish you a good trip.

Sukhothai

Let’s start our journey in the first capital of the Kingdom of Siam, Sukhothai that has been founded in 1238 putting an end to the Khmer reign of Angkor Wat.

Sukhothai was the capital of the Kingdom of Siam from the 13th to the 14th century on the Chao Praya River basin, to the west on the Bay of Bengal and on the entire peninsula. This kingdom has managed to preserve its independence since the year 1250 until the 15th century. It was in 1378 that Sukhothai found herself tributary of Ayutthaya State.

The Thai alphabet we know today was invented in Sukhothai.

on the road of the ancient thai capitals

My little overview

It was on a bike accompanied by the photo equipment that I went through the Sukhothai National Park in the middle of the ruins. The visit was a real pleasure because this park is a real source of inspiration both photographically and for what it releases.

I went to this UNESCO World Heritage Park, during my first visit to Thailand in 2013 and, indeed, I think for a first visit, it should be on the bucket list.

on the road of the ancient thai capitals

Ayutthaya

Let’s keep going our journey in the ruins of ancient temples of the ancient capital Ayutthaya.

This city was founded in 1350 by King U-Thong and became the second capital of the Kingdom of Siam. With nearly a million inhabitants, it was one of the largest cities in the world in the 17th and 18th centuries. It became a real economic and commercial centre both regional and global and as a bridge between East and West. It became one of the largest and most cosmopolitan cities in the world and a global centre for diplomacy and commerce.

In 1767, Ayutthaya has been destroyed by the Burmese army and the inhabitants were driven out. Destroyed, Ayutthaya was never rebuilt. On that date, General Taksin became king of Thailand and decided to found the new capital, Bangkok.

A little bit of etymology

The name of Ayutthaya comes from the city of Ayodhya in India, the city of Rama, the hero of Ramayana. This name means “that can not be conquered” in Sanskrit.

My little overview

I visited by foot this park filled with ruins of the ancient temples (= Wat). You can see red brick that is now apparent, while at the time it was covered with white plaster.
By visiting this park, we may realize and have an idea of the past dimension of the city and the splendor of its architecture thanks to its Buddhist monasteries in gigantic proportions.

Bangkok

Let’s end our journey on the road of the ancient capitals of the Kingdom of Siam with Bangkok.

Bangkok or Khrung Thep Maha Nakhon of its official name, this megalopolis of more than 9 million inhabitants is the current capital of Thailand.

This megalopolis was founded on April 6, 1782, by the King Rama I, the first king of the Chakri dynasty.

Bangkok was a village that today correspond to the district of Thonburi located on the west bank of the Chao Praya River. After the destruction by the Burmese army of the capital Ayutthaya in 1767, and after General Taksin was replaced by General Chakri who became king (under the name of Phra Yot Fa) of the new Chakri Dynasty, the capital was moved to Bangkok.

General Taksin received posthumously the name of Rama I from his successor Rama III.

It was on the left bank that he decided to build the Grand Palace and in 1782 the city of Bangkok was founded.

The megalopolis is crossed by the Chao Praya River, which determines two large areas with the right bank which is the old traditional Thonburi remained traversed by many Khlong which are canals connecting to the river. The left bank where are the tourist places, the business center, and the metro network and the big towers.

During the construction of Bangkok, many architects and masons from Ayutthaya worked and had the desire to reproduce Ayutthaya’s architectural style.

My little overview

I visited Bangkok several times but not for tourism at each time. The first time I set foot in Bangkok, I was generally charmed by the beauty of its ancient monuments such as the Wat Arun, the Grand Palace, the Wat Pho and the Golden Temple which are all located in Phra Nakhon district.

It is said that each city has its own smell which I confirm because the last time I went to Bangkok just for one night before flying to Chiang Mai, I immediately recognized the smell of me had missed so much. I’m not a fan of big cities but Bangkok was a real favorite for both its monuments as for its cuisine or for its atmosphere.

on the road of the ancient thai capitals
Travel info

Travel info

I travelled in April – May 2013

Where: From Bangkok to Chiang Mai

Country: Thailand

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>>>>> Wat Pho – Bangkok <<<<<

>>>>> The Grand Palace – Bangkok <<<<<

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**********

Géraldine

© 2019 – Wairua Kaieke

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